World Trade Center Site is the place in Downtown Manhattan, New York City, where the twin towers of the World Trade Center once stood. The World Trade Center was a vast complex comprising six office skyscrapers and one hotel. Following the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, the seven buildings were either totally destroyed or so severely damaged that they had to be demolished. The site has since been known as Ground Zero.
Today the World Trade Center site is being rebuilt with five new skyscrapers and a memorial to those who perished in the attack. As at time of writing, only one of the five new skyscrapers have been completed, that being 7 World Trade Center. The remaining four are expected to be completed soon.
The main building in the new World Trade Center site will be One World Trade Center. Its construction began on 27 April, 2006 and it is expected to be completed in 2013. Formerly called Freedom Tower, it will be 1,368 ft (417 m) in height. Together with its antenna, it will reach the height of 1,776 ft (541 m), a number chosen to reference the year of the United States Declaration of Independence, in 1776. This 105-story skyscraper will be the tallest building in the United States and one of the tallest in the world.
One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center will be taller than the original Tower 1 and Tower 2 of the old World Trade Center. It will rise from a square base which is 200 feet by 200 feet. At the base will be a 60-foot high lobby. There will be observation decks and glass parapet at the 1362 feet and 1368 feet levels, marking the previous heights of the two towers. It will have a 408-foot antenna, or spire at the center, to bring the height to 1776 feet. 1WTC will have 2.6 million sq ft (241,548 sq m) of floor space. Among the tenants will include Condé Nast and China Center.
In addition to 1 World Trade Center, three more skyscrapers are being planned for the site, along with the National September 11 Memorial and Museum, which is also under construction.
Two World Trade Center
Two World Trade Center (2WTC, Tower Two) is an 88-story skyscraper under construction. It will have the address of 200 Greenwich Street. The tower is on the northeast corner of the World Trade Center site. It covers a 16.5 acre (6.5 ha) area. 2WTC will be 1,270 ft (387 m) tall. It will be the second tallest building in New York City when completed, 20 ft taller than the Empire State Building. The skyscraper is being designed by Foster and Partners, London. It will have 2.4 million sq ft (220,000 sq m) of office space and another 130,000 sq ft (12,000 sq m) of retail space, with access to the underground PATH railway.
Three World Trade Center
Three World Trade Center (3WTC, Tower Three) is an 80-story skyscraper designed by architect Richard Rogers of Rogers Stirk Harbour+Partners. Its address will be 175 Greenwich Street. It will be 1,155 ft (352 m) tall. It will also have an antenna which raises its height to 1,240 ft (378 m). The building will have 2 million sq ft (190,000 sq m) of office and retail space.
Four World Trade Center
Four World Trade Center (4WTC, Tower Four) is a 72-story skyscraper presently under construction. It will be 947 ft (288 m) tall, making it the fourth tallest skyscraper on the World Trade Center site. It will provide 1.8 million sq ft (167,000 sq m) of office and retail space. 7 World Trade Center is presently the only skyscraper to have been completed. It is however located at 250 Greenwich Street, off the Port Authority property. It is 741 ft (226 m) tall and has 52 floor counts. The building has total floor area of 1.7 million sq ft (158,000 sq m). Construction began in 2002, and the skyscraper was completed in 2006.
In addition to the skyscrapers, the World Trade Center site will have a memorial, a museum and a transportation hub. The memorial is in the form of pools of water flowing into the footprints of the original World Trade Center towers. It is designed by Peter Walker and Israeli-American architect Michael Arad. The museum, designed by Norwegian architectural firm Snøhetta, will be the visitor center displaying information on the memorial.
The World Trade Center Transportation Hub replaces the old World Trade Center Subway Station. It will connect the PATH Station with the subway station and ferry terminal, along with the World Financial Center and One World Trade Center.
How to reach the World Trade Center Site
Take the subway to the Cortlandt St Station (Trains R, W), Rector St Station (Train 1) or WTC Station (Train E). There’s a viewing wall on Church Street.